## Preprint 2015-10

## Mario Álvarez, Gabriel N. Gatica, Ricardo Ruiz-Baier:

### A mixed-primal finite element approximation of a steady sedimentation-consolidation system

### Abstract:

This paper is devoted to the mathematical and numerical analysis of a strongly coupled flow and transport system typically encountered in continuum-based models of sedimentation-consolidation processes. The model problem focuses on the steady-state regime of the solid-liquid suspension within a permeable medium, and the governing equations consist in the Brinkman problem with variable viscosity, written in terms of Cauchy stresses and bulk velocity of the mixture; coupled with a nonlinear advection -- nonlinear diffusion equation describing the transport of the solids volume fraction. The variational formulation is based on an augmented mixed approach for the Brinkman problem and the usual primal weak form for the transport equation. Solvability of the coupled formulation is established by combining fixed point arguments, certain regularity assumptions, and some classical results concerning variational problems and Sobolev spaces. In turn, the resulting augmented mixed-primal Galerkin scheme employs Raviart-Thomas approximations of order $k$ for the stress and piecewise continuous polynomials of order $k+1$ for velocity and volume fraction, and its solvability is deduced by applying a fixed-point strategy as well. Then, suitable Strang-type inequalities are utilized to rigorously derive optimal error estimates in the natural norms. Finally, a few numerical tests illustrate the accuracy of the augmented mixed-primal finite element method, and the properties of the model.

This preprint gave rise to the following definitive publication(s):

**Mario ÁLVAREZ, Gabriel N. GATICA, Ricardo RUIZ-BAIER: ***A mixed-primal finite element approximation of a steady sedimentation-consolidation system*. Mathematical Models and Methods in Applied Sciences, vol. 26, 5, pp. 867-900, (2016).